Technocracy and democratic accountability stand in tension with each other. Look at any bureaucracy within the modern state and you will notice that it is to varying degrees shielded from democratic pressures. The more consequential its powers, the more the institution needs to be protected from the people. Consider the awesome powers of the Federal Reserve, for example, or those of our armed forces. Strictly hierarchical from top to bottom, the military at least answers to the civilian Commander in Chief. Federal Reserve chairmen, on the other hand, have on more than one occasion openly spurned the democratically-elected politicians that have appointed them.